10 Facts about Australian History
Facts about Australian History tell about the history of the indigenous people in Australia as well the history of the English settlement. Before Australia was inhabited by the colonial societies, the indigenous Australia had lived here for more than 40,000 years. It was believed that they arrived in Australia around 40,000 to 70,000 years ago from the Maritime Southeast Asia. Let me show you more interesting facts about Australian history below:
Facts about Australian History 1: the longest surviving tradition
The traditions that the indigenous Australia have such as the spiritual, musical and art traditional are considered as the longest surviving ones based on the human history in the world. Get facts about Aboriginal history here.
Facts about Australian History 2: Willem Janszoon
Willem Janszoon arrived Australia in 1606. He was a Dutch navigator who was believed as the first known European who landed on Australia.
Facts about Australian History 3: the exploration
The exploration on the southern and western coast of Australia was conducted by 29 Dutch explorers in 17th century. They called this area as New Holland.
Facts about Australian History 4: Lieutenant James Cook
Lieutenant James Cook was under the command of Great Britain to explore the East Coast of Australia. He established the first colonization at Botany Bay, New South Wales. It is the present day of Sydney.
Facts about Australian History 5: the first fleet
In January 1788, the first fleet of the British Ships landed on Botany Bay. The main purpose of the fleet to reach Australia was to form a penal colony. Then the British created more colonies in the later life.
Facts about Australian History 6: the number of the indigenous people
The number of the indigenous people who lived in Australia was decreased due to various reasons. The new diseases introduced by the colonists as well as the conflict made their population reduced.
Facts about Australian History 7: the prosperity
The prosperity of the colonist increased during the agricultural industries as well as gold rush.
Facts about Australian History 8: Parliamentary democracies
There were six British colonies in Australia. In the mid 19th century, they began to form the autonomous parliamentary democracy.
Facts about Australian History 9: a federation
The six colonies formed a federation in 1901 after they voted by a referendum. Australia participated in two world wars at the side of Britain. It also became an ally of US.
Facts about Australian History 10: migrants
Australia was an interesting place for the migrants. It is estimated that the country has received 6.5 million migrants.
What do you think on facts about Australian history?