10 Interesting Facts about Australia
Australia today is a vibrant multicultural country with people of British descent, as well as Aboriginal and immigrants from many countries in Europe, Africa and Asia. It is the sixth largest country in the world and the only country that is also a continent. Australia is in the Southern Hemisphere, where Summer is from December to February. Find 10 facts about Australia which are the most basic facts about the country “down under”.
1. Australia is the only island continent in the world. This island continent lies between the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and the Tasman Sea and Coral Seas of the Pacific Ocean.
2. Australia’s land area is almost the same as that of the United States (excluding the 2 states of Alaska and Hawaii). The land area of Australia is 7,682,300 sq km (2,966,200 sq miles).
3. Australia’s capital is Canberra. Many may thought that it’s Sydney because of the famous Sydney Opera House which is one of the architectural wonders of the modern world. Sydney is the capital city of the state of New South Wales.
4. Australia’s land area consists of almost one-third of desert and much of the rest is quite dry.
5. Australia is divided into 3 chief geographical areas: the Great Western Plateau, the central-eastern lowlands and the eastern highlands.
6. The Ayers Rock which is the world’s best known single rock is called Uluru by the aborigines of Australia.
7. The Murray-Darling river is Australia’s longest river.
8. Mount Kosciusko is Australia’s highest mountain.
9. Australia has 6 states which include Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. In addition, Australia has 2 mainland territories which are the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory. Australia factsalso has a number of island territories which are mostly quite independently ruled.
10. The Great Barrier Reef which runs along the coast of Queensland is 2300 km (1430 miles) long which is the largest coral structure in the world.