10 Facts about Aurangzeb

Sunday, April 19th 2015. | Figures

Facts about Aurangzeb tell you about the sixth Mughal emperor. He was born on 3 November 1618 under the full name Abul Muzaffar Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad Aurangzeb. He passed away on 3 March 1707. His title was Alamgir which has the meaning as the universe seizer or world seizer.  Most parts of the Indian subcontinent were under his power.  He was the emperor in 1658 until his death in 1707. Let’s find out more interesting facts about Aurangzeb below:

Facts about Aurangzeb 1: the victories

Aurangzeb is called as one of the greatest Mughal emperors. The annual yearly tribute in 1690 that his empire could earn was £38,624,680. He also expanded his region up to 32 million square kilometers

Facts about Aurangzeb 2: the controversy

The controversial aspect during his reign was his policies which abandoned the pluralism. The Mughal army and treasury were exhausted due to the rebellions and wars led by the Sikhs.

Facts about Aurangzeb

Facts about Aurangzeb

Facts about Aurangzeb 3: the strong ruler

Aurangzeb was famous as a strong and powerful ruler. However, his Mughal Empire was shortly declined as his death in 1707.

Facts about Aurangzeb 4: date of birth

Aurangzeb was born on 14 October 1618 in Dahod, Gujarat. His father was the famous Shah Jahan, while mother was Mumtaz Mahal. He was the third son in the family.

Aurangzeb Victory

Aurangzeb Victory

Facts about Aurangzeb 5: the life of his father

Shah Jahan was only a governor of Gujarat. Nur Jahan and Jahangir’s Lahore court kept Aurangzeb and his brother Dara Shikoh as the hostages after Shah Jahan made a failed attempt for rebellion. Get facts about Agra Fort here.

Facts about Aurangzeb 6: Mughal Emperor

Shah Jahan became the Mughal emperor on 26 February 1628.  Then Aurgrangzeb could live again with his parents in Agra Fort. He also got this formal education here. He learned Persian and Arabic.

Aurangzeb Pic

Aurangzeb Pic

Facts about Aurangzeb 7: the daily allowance

Can you guess the daily allowance of Aurangzeb? It was INR 500. He spent it to study history and for religious education.

Facts about Aurangzeb 8: the fight with Dara Shikoh

Dara Shikoh was the bother of Aurangzeb. Both had a fight. Aurangzeb claimed that Dara was not a Muslim anymore. He also believed that Dara was the one who poisoned the Mughal Grand Vizier Saadullah Khan.  Dara could be arrested after one of his general betrayed him. He had Dara executed on 30 August 1659. A year before, Aurangzeb was crowned as an emperor.

Aurangzeb Image

Aurangzeb Image

Facts about Aurangzeb 9: Sulaiman Shikoh

Sulaiman Shikoh was the son of Prince Data Shikoh. Many historians believed that Dara was executed for political reason. Aurangzeb did the execution in front of his son, Suleiman Skhikoh. Check another Mughal emperor in Akbar the Great facts.

Facts about Aurangzeb 10: execution of opponents

To secure his power, he executed his opponents such as Sarmad Kashani, Sambhaji the leader of the Maratha Confederacy, and Guru Tegh Bahadur.

Aurangzeb Facts

Aurangzeb Facts

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