10 Facts about Brown vs Board of Education
Facts about Brown vs Board of Education present the information about the famous court case which declared that the separation of public schools for the white and black student was unconstitutional. It became one of the major victories for the black people during the American Civil Right movement. Let’s find out more valuable facts about Brown vs Board of Education below:
Facts about Brown vs Board of Education 1: the racial segregation
The racial segregation in United States was the background of the discrimination that all black people received in various fields. One of them was in the field of education where the public school for white and black people was separated.
Facts about Brown vs Board of Education 2: the international image of America
The racism and segregation in United States at that time could bring negative impact on the international image of America. The Supreme Court Justices were aware about it. Moreover, it was at the period where the cold war between Soviet Union and US occurred.
Facts about Brown vs Board of Education 3: Board of Education
There were 13 Topeka Parents who filed a law suit against the Board of Education of City of Topeka in 1951. The parents filed the case on the US District Court for their 20 kids.
Facts about Brown vs Board of Education 4: the purpose of the law suit
The purpose for filling the law suit was to make the school district reversing the policy regarding the racial segregation at school.
Facts about Brown vs Board of Education 5: the separate elementary schools
Based on the 1879 Kansas law, there were separate elementary schools operated under Topeka Board of Education. Therefore, the board of education has different school facilities used by the white and black students.
Facts about Brown vs Board of Education 6: Topeka NAACP
The recruitment for the plaintiffs was conducted by the Topeka NAACP leadership. Some of the prominent Topeka NAACP leaders involved in the case were Charles Scott, McKinley Burnett and Lucinda Todd. Find facts about Booker T Washington here.
Facts about Brown vs Board of Education 7: Oliver L. Brown
Oliver L. Brown was a parent who became the plaintiff in the case. He was an African American man who worked as a welder and assistant pastor at a local church. His childhood friend named Scott convinced him to join the lawsuit against the Board of Education.
Facts about Brown vs Board of Education 8: the daughter of Oliver L. Brown
Brown had a daughter who sat as a third grader. She was educated at a segregated black school at Monroe Elementary. To reach the school, she had to walk six blocks to reach the bus stop and rode on it to reach the school. If she was educated at Summer Elementary, she only had to walk seven blocks to reach it. But it was a white school.
Facts about Brown vs Board of Education 9: the closest school
In the fall of 1951, the parents wanted the kids to attend the closest schools from the neighborhood. However, their enrollment was rejected and they were directed to the segregated schools. Get facts about boarding schools here.
Facts about Brown vs Board of Education 10: the district court decision
The political condition in Topeka changed. In August 1953, the elementary school segregation ended in Topeka.
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