10 Facts about Chelmno
If you want to know the Nazi German extermination camp, read Facts about Chelmno. People call this camp as Chelmno extermination camp. During the Second World War 2, Chelmno camp was built. Do you know the location of the camp? It is 31 miles or 50 kilometers north of Lodz. The main purpose for building the Chelmno extermination camp was for ethnic cleaning that the Nazi would do by having mass killing. Check other interesting facts about Chelmno extermination camp below:
Facts about Chelmno 1: the operation of the car
On 8 December 1941, Chelmno extermination camp was operated by NAZI. It was during the Holocaust phase. Then it was operated again during the Soviet counter offensive on 23 June 1944 until 18 January 1945.
Facts about Chelmno 2: who was exterminated in Chelmno?
The people who had been exterminated in camp include the local people and Polish Jews. Since the reception building in the camp was damaged, the killing methods on the camp were modified in 1943.
Facts about Chelmno 3: the number of the people
Do you know the number of the people who were killed in Chelmno extermination camp? It was reported that around 152,000 people were assassinated in this camp.
Facts about Chelmno 4: the victims based on the West German prosecution
There were around 180,000 victims cited by West German prosecution during the trials conducted in 1962 until 1965.
Facts about Chelmno 5: the Polish official
The number of about the victims was higher if you check the estimated number from the Polish official. They stated that there were around 340,000 people killed. If you want to know another figure about the victims in the Chelmno extermination camp, you can check the figure in Kulmhof Museum of Martyrdom. The victims were 200,000 people.
Facts about Chelmno 6: the people killed in the camp
Most people killed in Chelmno extermination camp were the Jews from west-central Poland. They were also the Jewish people from Bohemia, Luxemburg, Hungary, Austria and Romani. They were sent to the camp.
Facts about Chelmno 7: how were they killed?
They were assassinated through a mass killing by using the gas vans. Check Facts about Belzec Concentration Camp here.
Facts about Chelmno 8: the capture of Chelmno
On 17 January 1945, the town of Chelmno was captured by Russian army. However, there were no prisoners left alive in the camp. The evidence had been already destroyed by the Nazi.
Facts about Chelmno 9: the survivors
There was a fifteen year old survivor who stated that only three Jews successfully escaped from the camp. Get Facts about Bergen Belsen Concentration Camp here.
Facts about Chelmno 10: the escape
There was another report about the Jews who could escape from the camp. Based on the report of Holocaust Encyclopedia, there were 7 Jews escaped from the camp in the beginning of 1940s.
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