10 Facts about Conflict Diamonds
Facts about Conflict Diamonds talk about the diamond mined in the war zone. It is also called converted diamond, blood diamond, war diamonds or hot diamonds. The diamonds that people took from the mines would be used to fund the war activity or even insurgency. The people use the term blood diamond to focus on the negative impact of diamond trading in the war zone. Let’s find more facts about conflict diamonds below:
Facts about Conflict Diamonds 1: the mines
Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Angola and other countries are called as having blood diamonds because the diamonds are mined during in the civil wars.
Facts about Conflict Diamonds 2: Angola
On 11 November 1975, Angola got its independence. Actually it was a colony of Portugal. Find facts about Angola here.
Facts about Conflict Diamonds 3: the civil war
The civil war occurred in 1974 until 2001 in Angola between National Liberation Front of Angola/ FNLA, National Union for the Total Independence of Angola/ UNITA and Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola/ MPLA even though the country was independent.
Facts about Conflict Diamonds 4: UNITA
The diamonds were sold by UNITA between 1992 until 1998 to fund the war. The value of the diamonds was US$3.72 billion. It violated 1991 Bicesse Accords. Get facts about blood diamond here.
Facts about Conflict Diamonds 5: the total production
In 1980s, around 20 percent of the total production of diamonds was sold illegally.
Facts about Conflict Diamonds 6: the mining industry in 1990s
In the beginning of 1990s, the diamond mining industry was developed in Ivory Coast. The civil war took place after the government was overthrown in 1999.
Facts about Conflict Diamonds 7: a route
The export of diamonds from Liberia and Sierra Leone passed Ivory Coast. Therefore, it was used as the main route.
Facts about Conflict Diamonds 8: the export of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo occupies 8 percent of diamond production in the world.
Facts about Conflict Diamonds 9: Liberia and diamond blood
Liberia involved in Diamond blood after the president of the country, Charles G. Taylor was accused by the United Nations in 2000 for supporting RUF with training and weapons by giving him diamonds.
Facts about Conflict Diamonds 10: the Liberian diamond trade
The Liberian diamond trade was sanctioned by United Nations in 2001. Taylor left his position as a president in August 2003. He had trial in The Hague. He pleaded guilty on 21st July 2006. In April 2012, he was found guilty. He was sentenced 50 years on 30th May 2012.
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