10 Facts about DNA

Wednesday, September 28th 2016. | Biology

Find out the interesting Facts about DNA in the following post below. DNA stands for Deoxyribonucleic acid. The reproduction, function, development and growth of all kinds of living organism and many viruses in the world are at the hand of this molecule for it takes the genetic instructions. What is DNA actually? They are the nucleic acids just like RNA. The form of life in the world is determined by the presence of the macromolecules, which include DNA, complex carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Here are other interesting facts about DNA to notice:

Facts about DNA 1: a double helix

You can spot a double helix on DNA formed by the presence of the two-biopolymer strands.

Facts about DNA 2: polynucleotides

Polynucleotides are a term used to call two DNA strands. Nucleotides are the simpler monomer units, which compose the DNA strands. Check facts about DNA replication here.

dna images

dna images

Facts about DNA 3: the components of nucleotide

Thymine (T), adenine (A), guanine (G), and cytosine (C) are the four nitrogen containing nucleobases, which can be found on nucleotide.

Facts about DNA 4: the DNA base pairs

The weight of DNA base pairs on earth is 50 billion tonnes. This long thin molecule is called based on the type of nucleotides.

dna pictures

dna pictures

Facts about DNA 5: the cells

Many cells that you can find in the body include bone cells and blood cells. The DNA tells the cells what do to just like a computer program.

Facts about DNA 6: genes

The genes are the sets of instructions found in each string of DNA. The specific protein will be produced inside the body based on the instruction of a gene. The protein is very important for it will determine how to the cell survive, grow, develop and function. Check facts about DNA fingerprinting here.

dna structure

dna structure

Facts about DNA 7: the shape of DNA

Have you ever seen the shape of DNA?  Check it under a microscope and you will know how it looks. The shape looks like a string. It has long and thin shape.

Facts about DNA 8: the shape of DNA

DNA has a unique shape that the scientists call double helix. The DNA is held together due to the backbone.

facts about dna

facts about dna

Facts about DNA 9: the DNA of people in the world

Do you know that 99.9 percent of DNA that people have in the world is relatively similar? What makes the people unique is due to the presence of distinctive 0.1 percent of DNA.

Facts about DNA 10: the discovery of DNA structure

In 1953, Dr. James Watson and Francis Crick discovered the double helix structure of DNA.



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