10 Facts about Ancient Israel

Monday, January 26th 2015. | History

Facts about Ancient Israel were associated with Judah too. Both are linked with the Iron Age Kingdom. In 9th century BCE, the Kingdom of Israel emerged before the destruction of Neo-Assyrian Empire in 722 BCE. Find out more about ancient Israel below:

Facts about Ancient Israel 1: the Kingdom of Judah

The Kingdom of Judah developed in 8th century. This kingdom was on the southern of Israel. This kingdom was very wealthy since it became the client state for the Assyria and Babylon.

Facts about Ancient Israel 2: the fall of Babylon

The Babylon Empire fell and captured by Persian King Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE.  The Judean exiles were sent back to Jerusalem.

Ancient Israel and Judah

Ancient Israel and Judah

Facts about Ancient Israel 3: The province of Yehud

Yehud was a province in Persia.  The Judahite identity of the Judean people was established here. Alexander the Great captured this province and included in his Hellenistic kingdoms. The Judeans established Hasmonean kingdom in 2nd BCE after they made successful revolt on the Hellenist Seleucid Empire. But the Pompey of Rome conquered this kingdom in 63 BCE. Get facts about ancient Hebrews here.

Facts about Ancient Israel 4: the First Jewish–Roman War

The First Jewish–Roman War occurred when the civil disturbance wracked on the Kingdom of Israel. This event led into the emergence of early Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism.

Ancient Israel Facts

Ancient Israel Facts

Facts about Ancient Israel 5: The Merneptah stele

The first term of Israel can be seen on The Merneptah stele. It was made circa 1209 BCE.

Facts about Ancient Israel 6: the villages in highlands

There were 25 villages that people found in the highlands during the Late Bronze Age. At the end of Iron I, there were 300 villages. The population was increased from 20,000 people to 40,000 people. The historians and archeologists assumed that the villages probably were owned by the Israelites, but they had lack of evidences.

Ancient Israel Image

Ancient Israel Image

Facts about Ancient Israel 7: Iron Age Yahwism

During the Iron Age Yahwism, the religion of the Israelites evolved. It was based on the family gods or gods of the fathers.  The famous deities included El, Asherah, and Yahweh. In the early period, Shamash was the sun god. Baal was considered as the fourth god.

Facts about Ancient Israel 8: Yahweh

Yahweh was called as the savior or redeemer of the Jerusalem based on the earliest Israelites inscription.  It was dated back in 7th century BCE.

Ancient Israel

Ancient Israel

Facts about Ancient Israel 9: The Second Temple period

During the second temple period, the priest established monotheism. This period last in 520 BCE until 70 CE. They also believed about angles and demons.

Facts about Ancient Israel 10: the Jewish identity

The Jewish identities which included the circumcision, Torah and Sabbath were established during the period.

facts about  Ancient Israel

facts about Ancient Israel

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