10 Facts about Deep Sea Vents
Facts about Deep Sea Vents talk about the fissure caused by the geothermal heated water issues which occurs on the surface of a planet. It is very common to spot the deep sea vents located around active volcanic areas such as in the hotspots and ocean basins where the tectonic plates are splitting apart. The large amount of water is found on the surface and crust of earth as well as the geologically active condition. Both are the common reasons on the presence of deep sea vents. Here are other interesting facts about deep sea vents to notice:
Facts about Deep Sea Vents 1: the presence of hydrothermal vents
Hydrothermal vents can be found under the sea and on lands. The land types of hydrothermal vents include geysers, fumaroles and hot springs. Black smokers are the hydrothermal vents found under the sea.
Facts about Deep Sea Vents 2: the areas around deep sea vents
The areas around deep sea vents usually house the complex environment due to the higher biological productivity than other areas. The vent fluids release the chemicals which fuel the communities in the areas.
Facts about Deep Sea Vents 3: the food chain
The base of food chain in the area around deep sea vents is inhabited by archaea and Chemosynthetic bacteria.
Facts about Deep Sea Vents 4: the diverse organism
You can also spot the diverse organism which supports the communities around deep sea vents. They include shrimp, limpets, clams and giant tube worms.
Facts about Deep Sea Vents 5: hydrothermal vents
The presence of hydrothermal vents is not only spotted on earth. It also occurs in other planets and celestial bodies such as in Saturn’s moon Enceladus and Jupiter’s moon Europa.
Facts about Deep Sea Vents 6: Galápagos Rift
Galápagos Rift located along the mid-ocean ridge was explored by the scientists in 1977. They were surprised by a drastic change on the temperature of the ocean. Finally they realized that it was due to the deep sea hydrothermal vents.
Facts about Deep Sea Vents 7: a unique ecosystem
The unique ecosystem was discovered around the Galapagos rift due to the existence of deep sea vents. They found new species here. Find facts about deep sea creatures here.
Facts about Deep Sea Vents 8: bacteria
The new species thrived in the area because the toxic vent minerals were converted by the bacteria into useful forms of energy.
Facts about Deep Sea Vents 9: the characteristics of deep sea vents
The plumes, flow levels, temperature and minerals are the chemical and physical factors will determine the characteristics of deep sea vents.
Facts about Deep Sea Vents 10: black smokers
The black smokers found deep under the sea. They release the darkest and hottest plumes. Get facts about deep sea diving here.
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