10 Facts about British Colonization of Australia
Facts about British Colonization of Australia talk about the history of Australia in 1780 until 1859. It was the period of colonization in the country. The history of colonization began when the First Fleet of Britain arrived in Sydney. In 1780, these people began to form a colony in New South Wales. Then the British people also established other colonies in many parts of Australia. Here are some interesting facts about British Colonization of Australia below:
Facts about British Colonization of Australia 1: the colonization of Australia
One of the main reasons for the British government to establish the colonization in Australia was caused by the need to the government to reduce the overcrowding convicts in the prison system in Britain.
Facts about British Colonization of Australia 2: the other reasons
The people believe that there were other reasons for transporting the convicts to Australia. Most convicts transported to Australia were farmers and skilled tradesmen. Most of them were sentenced for seven years for trivial crime. That’s the time for these people to build the infrastructure.
Facts about British Colonization of Australia 3: Botany Bay
Botany Bay was recommended by the prominent scientist Sir Joseph Banks to James Cook when Cook wanted to build a settlement after the voyage to Australia in 1770.
Facts about British Colonization of Australia 4: James Matra
James Matra was the American loyalist who had gone with Banks to Botany Bay in 1770. He was a junior officer during the voyage. James Cook was the commander in the voyage.
Facts about British Colonization of Australia 5: the colony of New South Wales
On 23 August 1783, Matra created “A Proposal for Establishing a Settlement in New South Wales”. In his proposal, Matra wanted to build a colony consisted of the South Sea islanders, Chinese and American Loyalist people. He did not include convicts.
Facts about British Colonization of Australia 6: convicts as settlers
Convicts were included as the settlers in the proposal of Matra after he had an interview with Lord Sydney in March 1784. He was a Secretary of State. Get facts about Australian history here.
Facts about British Colonization of Australia 7: Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island was included in the project for the colonization of Australia by the British government for this island had flax and timber.
Facts about British Colonization of Australia 8: the first fleet
The first fleet of Britain contained 11 ships set to reach Botany Bay on 13 May 1787.
Facts about British Colonization of Australia 9: the number of people in the first fleet
There were 1530 people transported in the first fleet. 736 of them were convicts. The commander was Captain Arthur Phillip. Get facts about Britain here.
Facts about British Colonization of Australia 10: the settlement
On 26 January 1788, the settlement was formed at Sydney Cove after the fleet arrived at Port Jackson.
Do you have any opinion on facts about British Colonization of Australia?